What are practical obstacles of music in surgery?
Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative recorded music interventions have been proven effective in reduction of pain, anxiety, neuro-hormonal stress response, and sedative and analgesic medication requirement. Unfortunately, a major gap exists between new evidence in health care and its introduction into the standard care of patients. Also, literature does not provide sufficient information on the implementation of perioperative recorded music interventions. Thus, this study will focus on implementing perioperative music intervention in the perioperative standard care.